*Spoiler Alert Gives Away Ending*
In Lord of the Flies by William Golding, there is a very important archetype of water. According to the archetypes page, water means change and this is vital to the story and its ending. A group of schoolboys are stranded on an unknown island without any supervision. The boys were happy and partying when they first arrived but that soon changed as they wanted to get off the island. As the leadership that was formed dissolves, the boy's descent into anarchy. The main character Ralph and his companion Piggy try to bring order back to chaos and are met with spears and hostility. Simon was killed and "[his] dead body moved out toward the open sea" (Golding 154). This is huge. This is the turning point in the whole book. The boys have killed someone and now the peaceful bliss they had can never come back. That death forever changed the boys. That is what the water symbolizes; the fact that the boys can never return to the innocence that they had. This also represents that a world without government can’t do good or be good. Simon was the representation of goodness and purity and he was killed by the other boys. Once the water takes Simon’s body away the change takes the goodness away and nothing is left.
In both the novels Lord of the Flies by William Golding and Pretties by Scott Westerfeld an important archetype is water. You define this archetype as “water mean[ing] change”(Ott). Water is used multiple times throughout the novel, Pretties. One example is when Tally escapes her society and jumps off of a hot air balloon into a river. She was riding her magnetically powered hoverboard, which would catch the metal deposits at bottom’s signal. Tally hoped that this would bring her to safety, but little did she know this would also bring great change. It is stated that “Then Tally saw the river. It stretched out below them, catching moonlight like a silver snake, winding out of the ore–rich mountains to make its way toward the sea. On its bed would be centuries’ worth of metal deposits, enough to make her hoverboard fly. Maybe enough to catch her fall.”(Westerfeld 233). When she lands in this river, it takes her downstream several miles, drowning her hoverboard and leaving her stranded in the forest. Definitely a big change from the chains of society. In your novel, The Lord of The Flies, a character named Simon represents goodness and purity. The author of your novel states that "[Simon’s] dead body moved out toward the open sea" (Golding 154). Using the archetype of water meaning change, the author is trying to convey that everything good and pure had been washed away. Just like Tally being washed away by the river, and the goodness and purity of the other boys being washed away with the death of Simon, water is conveyed through these two novels to represent change.
It appears in both Lord of the Flies by William Golding, and Only Child by Rhiannon Navin, there is a reoccurring symbol of water. As you mentioned “water means change” towards your stories ending (Ott). As the characters figured out a problem, they were able to change and move on. Navin used a similar archetype to portray change as well. After a school was terrorized by a shooter, it was raining. Navin used this to show that there was a lot of change going to happen, and unfortunately using a “grey sky”, she shows that is devastating change. I also couldn’t help but notice that “death forever changed the boys” (Ott). This is the same In Only Child. Zach’s life was destroyed when his brother was killed. Though they have very different storylines, the characters in these novels relate similarly.
Archetypes are used in almost every novel to help advance certain elements of the story. The archetype of water, which exemplifies change and growth, is also used effectively and frequently. I see many similarities with this archetype in the novels, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, and, Killer Angels by Michael Shaara. In both novels, this archetype affects the characters, conflict, and the theme of the story in almost the same way. When a man named John Buford in Killer Angels, who is a cavalry soldier for the Union, gets a moment to climb and stand watch his men in a cupola, he sits “listening to the rain” and he thinks how “the air [is] cool and wet and delicious to breathe” (Shaara 86). Then, soon after the downpour, Buford realizes “the guns began” and there was “a single shot… [then] another” (86). Since there had been no previous fighting at Gettysburg— the battle ground that Buford secured for the war— this marks the first fight were everything starts. The use of different elements, beautiful rain and deadly gunshots, shows the quick change that is seen. The immediate shots and the outbreak just starting right after the rain, which is water, shows how the battle has now changed from outlook to action. This affects Buford because he is now being molded into the leader that the Troops have been expecting. He now gets a chance to command now that the battle has changed and grown into something more than it had been days earlier. This is a turning point or a mark of change, similarly to Piggy and Ralph in Lord of the Flies, when the boys have killed Simon and “the peaceful bliss they had can never come back” and “the boys can never return to the innocence that they had” (Ott). Though the Union troops have killed before and are used to fighting, they also are giving up a innocence and the peaceful time they had before the battle, which is a change from previous in the novel. Like Piggy and Ralph, they are giving something away, yet is is changing them. This especially affects the conflict because the mood has shifted from that peace to the vicious fighting, symbolized by the rain. This is also shown with the character Robert E. Lee in Killer Angels who is a revered general. Also on the first day of battle before the fighting, like Buford, experiences the rain that changes his role in the current battle— from waiting to doing. Lee “[comes] out of the tent into a fine cold rain,” but he notices “troops were already moving… looking in at him” (Shaara 73). This is also “the turning point” for which Lee now has to lead the troops and the conflict is now beginning (Ott). In both Buford’s and Lee’s case, the use of the water element shows change in moral and in the external conflict, but it also gives readers a hint at the theme. In Lord of the Flies, the standing government dissolves, sending the boys into anarchy and there seems to be a broken connection between the once leaders and the people, which causes an unsuccessful society. The theme of Killer Angels is similar between the two sides, but readers realize that enemies have more in common that they may think. The water archetype shows how both characters react to sudden change and know their roles— but also how much they care for their men because of it. With both of the side doing this, a connection between both if the sides is established.
The water archetype is very powerful in many novels, including Killer Angels, but also Lord of the Flies where more is revealed about character, which affects conflict and theme in both of the books. More can be seen with this simple element of literature that might not have been seen before.
Archetypes are a generally used symbol in pieces of Literature that symbolize something much more the the Denotation of the Object/color. A major archetype in the novel Hero by Mike Lupica is the archetype is the Crossroads. In the novel, The main character, Zach Harriman, recently had the problem of losing his father in an airplane crash. Zach, however, seems to doubt the fact that his fathers death was an accident, and "I know that's what [the investigators] think. But they they don't know. ( Lupica 57). As Zach decides to go take a look at the crash himself, an old man confronts him. He says that " 'I know about your father's death and your life.'"(Lupica 112). The old man then tells Zach that he has "Magic" inside of him, and it is up to him to choose whether or not he should become like his father, who was a superhero. Zach is faced with the major crossroads, leaving him to make a decision that could change his life. It changes the whole course of the novel because Zach had the normal average life of an 8th grade boy, and all of a sudden he becomes a superhero.
Archetypes are everywhere in the Bible, but a big archetype is The Mentor. Jesus is the mentor in this situation because he spreads the word of God and teaches everybody about it. He gave his twelve disciples the power to cast out demons and to heal the diseased. "Get these things out of here. Stop turning my father’s house into a marketplace" (909). This is where Jesus tells the Jewish Leaders that he is the Son of God, and to destroy the temple where the turned Gods home in a marketplace and that Jesus with rebuild the temple in three days. "All right,' Jesus replied, 'Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up" (John 906). The people were surprised that Jesus wanted them to destroy the temple that took the forty-one years to build. But Jesus isn't talking about the actual temple, he is talking about his body. Jesus's body is the temple, and when they crucify him he will rise again in three days. Jesus goes around everywhere to preach about God, Jesus traveled about 2,500 miles in just four years. Going to four Passovers in Jerusalem, two festivals, if he took the Samaria route it would have added 20-30 miles.
Both your novel and mine have quite a few similarities because of the mentors. However, your mentor seems to play a more central role in the novel. In your book, he seem to be the mentor because he "gave his twelve disciples the power..." So it seems that he is more likely to be a leader, other than that of a father figure, which is more like mine from I am Number Four by Pittacus Lore. The mentor, Henri Smith, is a background character who simply teaches John, aka number Four, that the "Best way to deal with fear is to confront it.” (Lore 26). So, throughout the novel, Jesus seems to be a mentor with a touch of the hero archetype as well, but my mentor simply touches and inspires the character in the novel instead.
In every novel, readers are able to learn many things about the story and the characters through observing symbols, and J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is no different. One of the most easily-recognized symbols in the book is the main character, Harry’s, school, which is Hogwarts. It is a huge castle hidden away from the rest of both wizard and muggle, or non-magic, society, and it strongly represents the castle archetype. The archetype is described as something that is a strong place of safety, and Harry definitely thinks of Hogwarts in that way. He much prefers Hogwarts to his home during the summer, in which he lives with his horrible Aunt Petunia, Uncle Vernon, and cousin, Dudley, all of whom despise magic. Harry always uses a calendar to “cross off the days remaining until his return to Hogwarts[,]... counting down the days to September the first” (39). Every summer, Harry longs for the day when he can go to Hogwarts, which he thinks of as his real home, because he has actual friends there and feels like he can fit in. Harry also always stays at Hogwarts over the Christmas break, despite not many others doing the same. He takes every opportunity he can to stay away from his Aunt and Uncle’s place, feeling that Hogwarts is the place where he most belongs. But besides Harry just plainly liking Hogwarts more than his home in the Muggle world, nowhere does he feel safer than in the castle, and most of all in the company the school’s headmaster, Albus Dumbledore. In the end of the book, Harry has just battled with the dark wizard, Lord Voldemort, and is fighting to get away from him and to an object called a Portkey that will magically transport him back to Hogwarts. Voldemort is trying to kill him, for Voldemort failed to kill him when he killed Harry’s parents, during which time Harry had been a baby. Harry was just about to be killed when he grabbed onto the Portkey, hearing “Voldemort’s scream of fury at the same moment that he felt the jerk behind his navel that meant the Portkey had worked” and he was then able to feel huge relief because he knew he “[was] going back” to Hogwarts (669). When Harry finally opened his eyes after being taken back to Hogwarts, he was filled with relief again, for “[h]e was looking up at the starry sky, and Albus Dumbledore was crouched over him” (671). Harry is able to feel much more secure once he is where he can be safe and with who can ensure his safety. He knows that “Dumbledore was the only wizard Voldemort had ever feared” and that therefore Hogwarts is basically impenetrable for Voldemort, and that gives Harry a great sense of assurance (679). That also enormously enforces the castle archetype, because there’s obviously nowhere besides Hogwarts that makes Harry feel safer. Even though it’s a huge, somewhat intimidating castle, it seems that if he is near Hogwarts, Harry will be okay, as many other characters actually tell him in the book when they fear that he is in danger. It is obvious to everyone that as long as Harry is with Dumbledore and is at Hogwarts, he is as safe as can be, for the author created the school to perfectly embody what the castle archetype stands for.
The Harry Potter series is full of archetypes but one of the most significant is “The Earth Mother” in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix by J.K. Rowling. The earth mother is symbolic of fertility and offers emotional nourishment. The earth mother in Harry Potter is Molly Weasley or well known as Mrs. Weasley. Harry first met Mrs. Weasley in the train station while figuring out how to get onto 9 ¾. Mrs. Weasley was able to help Harry get on it and introduced him to his future best friend. Mrs. Weasley becomes the mother figure he lacks. Mrs. Weasley welcomes when he arrives at the Order of the Phoenix’s headquarters and “(examined) him critically him critically,” (61) before saying how thin he was. Mrs. Weasley later got into a fight with Harry’s godfather Sirius. Sirius exclaimed “‘He’s not your son,’... ‘He’s good as,’” (90) Mrs. Weasley responded. Which meant the world to Harry since he always saw the Weasleys and family and when he found out the feeling was returned he felt so loved. Mrs. Weasley defines Harry’s soft side and knowing he is loved and cared for. Which helps since he’s had dark times at school but Mrs. Weasley is always there to support him.
One major archetype in the novels Uglies and Pretties by Scott Westerfeld is the warrior’s journey to save his people, and this archetype is shown in many ways throughout the story. In this novel, the main character Tally Youngblood is now a pretty; someone who is over the age of 16. When someone in this society turns 16, they are given plastic surgery to fit in with the beauty standards. This not only changes your appearance, it also changes your brain so it will rely more on the society. The way this fits in the archetype the warrior’s journey to save his people is that Tally’s plan was to only turn pretty to aid others. When Tally was still ugly, she escaped the society only to find that her best friend Shay had been turned pretty, brain damage and all. Since Shay had not given her consent to try the untested pills that reverses the damage on your brain, Tally sacrificed herself by going back to society and becoming pretty. The first part of the heroic archetype is that “The hero is called to adventure, although he is reluctant to accept” and Tally replicates this almost exactly. In the first part of the novel, Tally realizes what she has to do to save everyone she loves and almost denies it. She asks herself “Would she even believe the truth in a few weeks time?”(Uglies Westerfeld 405). This proves that Tally is afraid that Brain damaged Tally won’t remember that there’s a cure while she has a pretty brain, fitting the archetype. The second part of the archetype, or stage two is “The hero crosses a threshold into a new more dangerous world, gaining a more mature perspective”. Tally becomes a pretty, and suddenly she is more worried about the clothes she will wear to her next party than the changes in her brain. The author opens the novel Pretties by saying “Getting dressed was always the hardest part of the afternoon.”(Westerfeld 1). This may not be more mature, but she definitely is seen with a very different personality. The way the author voices Tally even changes. Before she had a more realist, optimistic perspective, but now she has a completely different perspective. Not only this, but New Pretty Town, the place she lives as a pretty, is more dangerous than any other place she had been before. Not because of the setting, but because of the mindset while she is there. She has to remember what she came for, even with brain damage. The novels Uglies and Pretties by Scott Westerfeld shows the archetype the warrior’s journey to save his people, and this story shows the archetype in many different ways.
Archetypes are used in almost every novel to bring out the characters, conflict, and theme more than it had been previously illustrated. I see many similarities between the archetype that Katniss, from The Hunger Games, and Harry Potter, from Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, experience. In both of the novels “The Earth Mother,” a symbol of emotional nourishment, is not the characters biological mother, but a motherly figure that they encounter. Katniss experiences many hardships with her biological mother and though there relationship has been nowhere near perfect, it is getting better. Her “games mentor,” Effie Trinket, takes part of the motherly role that Katniss lacks in many instances. When Katniss is on the train to go on the Victory Tour, Effie makes sure Katniss does everything she is supposed to do by saying “Attention everyone! We’re about to do the first outdoor shot… Katniss, big smile, you’re very excited” (Collins 41). Effie does this to help Katniss with the camera crews and audience, because it is something that she struggles with. Katniss’ good presence has to be done precisely to avoid conflict from President Snow, the President if Panem, after suspicion of Katniss’ defiance toward the country. Because of Effie’s directive tone, a motherly figure is perceived. This is similar to Harry Potter when Harry is “figuring out how to get into [platform] 9 ¾ [and] Mrs. Weasley was able to help Harry get on it” (Mason). Because Mrs. Weasley and Effie help the main character with their struggles, a typical motherly role, the archetype is inferred. This helps the character develop more because it is seen that Mrs. Weasley and Effie are helpful people who care deeply for the ones that are in need because of their want to help others avoid and possibly, solve a conflict. This also, through the archetype, reveals more about the theme of knowing that when there is a great conflict and task ahead, it is going to be solved easier if you lean on the ones who care for you rather than facing the challenge by yourself, which is shown in both novels. Both of the characters during the novel find themselves wanting to do a task all by themselves, but after knowing that people support and care for them, like Mrs. Weasley and Effie, they can accomplish the goal easier.
During the duration of the tour, Katniss has a lot on her mind and at breakfast she snaps at Effie and storms off the train while it is at a stop. When she calms down and decides to go back, she knows that she must apologize to Effie for the way she acted but Effie tells her that “it’s clear that she’s under a lot of pressure” (Collins 53). Because Effie acknowledged the emotions that Katniss was feeling and gave her support in a way, it is similar to the way that Mrs. Weasley told Sirius that “[Harry’s] good as [her son]” (Mason). Both of the characters needed this “emotional nourishment” where there feelings were considered. This again shows more of the character Mrs. Weasley and Effie Trinket. Because those two characters are the motherly figures they are, it minimises the external conflicts that the main character may have because they are being heard. Through the use of archetypes, specifically “The Earth Mother,” more can be concluded about the characters and the conflict, but also the theme of the novel through amazing motherly figures who are always there to give their support.
A major archetype used throughout the novel Only Child by Rhiannon Navin is rain. After the protagonist Zach becomes a survivor because of a school shooting, it was always raining. Navin uses this detail to portray how it affects not only the students who experienced the terror, but their families as well as the community. Rain typically represents sadness, change, and mourn, which ties together the tone of the story. After the students had been evacuated to the church Zach mentions that they were “really wet now from the rain” (14). Not only does this give the reader a visualization of the setting, but it hints at how the people are feeling. This archetype ties everything together, and truly gives the reader a sense of tone. Farther on through the story, at Zach’s brother, Andy’s funereal, it is once again raining. As they “stood around Andy’s grave” their shoes got muddy and “wet from the rain” (117). Once again this just guides the tone of the story, and shows how everyone was feeling. The constant component of rain truly guides the story and gives the reader a sense of sadness and loss.
:In the novel Moby Dick by Herman Melville there is a large variety of archetypes that are used to show traits of both characters, the world and the story itself. Although there are still archetypes that appear more prevalent throughout the story than others. One of these key archetypes is the situational archetype The Fall. This develops over the course of the entire novel with many characters, but you see this take form in Captain Ahab as his endless pursuit of the whale took its toll on his sanity you see a significant change in his character at the start versus his character during the final act. You see the archetype first sprout in Ahab when he speaks of "What I’ve dared, I’ve willed; and what I’ve willed, I’ll do! They think me mad – Starbuck does; but I’m demoniac, I am madness maddened! That wild madness that’s only calm to comprehend itself! The prophecy was that I should be dismembered;" This shows that Ahab is seeing his sanity or lack of it and he is beginning to accept even though the others are not so accepting.